Developing nations are known for immense rate of corruption. The alarming rate is a major concern to any government and good citizen of such nation. Unimaginable amount of money is being spent to curb or fight against corruption, something that shouldn’t be if only the people or citizens of the nation could be conscious of their integrity and value it above any other thing. Likewise, the system should no longer pave way for corruption. A weak system and poor standard of living are major driving forces for incessant corruption in developing nations of the world.
In the developing countries, corruption takes different forms or phases. Some of such forms are overpricing, illegally expediting payments, facilitating contracts, rigging public bidding for contracts via manipulating regulations and selling information, illegal fund raising, diverting funds meant for special projects, money laundering, and the likes.
The causes of corruption in the developing nation are immense. Some of them are briefly discussed below:
1. POVERTY: This is a major cause of corruption in the developing nations, mostly in the African continent. An average Nigerian live below a $1 per day and what do one expects from such. Thus, people tend to exploit every chance or loop hole to steal or embezzle fund meant for national development.
2. LOW OR POOR SALARY: The salary or wages as the case may be in the developing nations are far below what a family man should earn to keep life going. This is a serious challenge as many look for ways of cushioning the effect and get the going easy.
3. LEADERSHIP PROBLEM: Poor leadership in most of these developing nations is also a major challenge. Developing nations are characterized with poor or bad leadership; leaders who want to be directors and commanders rather than servant leader. They still, loot the treasury and want to be leader for life. This is pathetic!
4. LOW RISK OF DETECTION AND PUNISHMENT: The rate of detecting corruption in the developing nations is generally nothing to write home about. Corrupt officers could go scot-free, could hide or walk around without being challenge and are celebrated at its peak. When one is eventually caught and charged to the court, he/she may come back justified or asked to pay nothing but a penny.
Other causes of corruption in the developing nations are:
5. Low level of technology advancement
6. High level of insecurity
7. Agrarian nature of the economy
8. Narrowness of seeing ethics
9. Public bureaucracy
10. Ample opportunities for corruption
11. Total dependence on oil (as in the case with Nigeria)
12. Operation of crude capitalism
There are numbers of solutions to these malaises. In fact, everyone has a role to play in curbing corruption – the government of the nation, institutions, the citizens and the international communities. These are suggested solutions:
1. The Nigerian Institute of Management (Chartered) believes in the introduction of strong but flexible codes of conduct as a vital tool to curbing corruption in Nigeria. Thus, it has since developed some means of inculcating in Nigerian youths indispensable standard moral codes of conduct for a better society.
2. Another way is by addressing wider cultural competitive and personal factors capable of enhancing corruption.
3. Corruption could also be curbed by an ethical orientation
4. Agencies fighting against corruption should be re-empowered and repositioned to keep on with the good fight until sanity is brought to the system of such nation. These agencies should have good and time-tested leaders, have independent status, staffed with honest and competent personnel and sufficiently funded.
5. Good leaders should be elected into government
6. There should be good punitive measures and disciplinary procedures for those that are guilty of the act of corruption.
In conclusion, corruption is a very bad act and it eats deep into the progress and growth of any nation. It must be disallowed from raising its ugly head. It is the duty of all and sundry to fight against corruption in all its forms. We will all have a better people, better society and better world if we all rise to stop corruption and be watchdogs in whatsoever society we find ourselves and ensure that corruption is displaced in the society and given its rightful place, hell!